Failed Islamic States in Senegambia

David Robinson

J.B.L Durand Image Gallery
Gum Harvesting in the Senegal Valley
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A selection from the French traveler J.B.L. Durand at the beginning of the 19th century. Here we see two slaves, working for Moorish masters, doing the very hard work of picking the gum from the acacia trees that were found in the Senegal River valley. This engraving contains the following caption, "Les Maures occupés à ramasser la Gomme dans une Forêt de Gommiers."

(1802)
Representative types of Senegal society
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An engraving found in the voyage of the French traveler Durand who visited Senegal at the beginning of the 19th century. This engraving contains the following caption, "1..Négresse esclave. 2..Signare de l'Isle St. Louis. 3..Marabou ou Prêtre du Pays. 4..Négre armé en guerre. 5..Négresse esclave portant son enfant."

Courtesy of David Robinson(1802)
Slave Raiding
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Another engraving from the French traveler Durand at the beginning of the 19th century. Moors and other slave-raiders used violent means - including the horses, swords and arson showed here - to secure a slave labor force to do things like harvesting the gum of the last image. This engraving contains the following caption, "Les Maures poursuivant les Nègres pour les faires Esclaves."

(1802)
Warfare
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Another engraving from the French traveler Durand at the beginning of the 19th century. Here we see an army - cavalry and infantry - preparing to go to battle in the Senegal River valley.

(1802)
Date: 1802
Le Monde Illustre Images
Memorial for Victims of Samba Sadio
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An artist's sketch of the religious service for the casualties from the French and Cayorian coalition which defeated the Madiyankoobe at Samba Sadio in February 1875. This sketch contains the following caption, "Religious Service in St. Louis for the Victims of the Battle against Anadu Madiyu, 1875".

Courtesy of David Robinson(1875)
Portrayal of Battle of Samba Sadio
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An artists rendering of a journalist's sketch of the Battle of Samba Sadio in February 1875. This drawing contains the following caption, "Colonies Françaises - Le Sénégal. - Combat de Boumdou. - Le marabout Amadou Sekou est battu par la colonne expéditionnaire commandée par le lieutenant-colonel Bégin."

Courtesy of David Robinson(1875)
Date: 1875
Gum Harvesting in the Senegal Valley
Gum Harvesting in the Senegal Valley
Gum Harvesting in the Senegal Valley
Gum Harvesting in the Senegal Valley

Date: 1802
Slave Raiding
Slave Raiding
Slave Raiding
Slave Raiding

Date: 1802
Warfare
Warfare

Date: 1802
Representative types of Senegal society
Representative types of Senegal society
Representative types of Senegal society
Representative types of Senegal society

Date: 1802
Boats rushing to rescue Medine
Boats rushing to rescue Medine
Boats rushing to rescue Medine
Boats rushing to rescue Medine

Date: 1857
Entrance to Ahmad's Palace in Segu
Entrance to Ahmad's Palace in Segu
Entrance to Ahmad's Palace in Segu
Entrance to Ahmad's Palace in Segu

Date: 1868
Ahmad al-Kabir in about 1864
Ahmad al-Kabir in about 1864
Ahmad al-Kabir in about 1864
Ahmad al-Kabir in about 1864

Date: 1868
Memorial for Victims of Samba Sadio
Memorial for Victims of Samba Sadio
Memorial for Victims of Samba Sadio
Memorial for Victims of Samba Sadio

Date: 1875
Portrayal of Battle of Samba Sadio
Portrayal of Battle of Samba Sadio
Portrayal of Battle of Samba Sadio
Portrayal of Battle of Samba Sadio

Date: 1875
Umarian Horseman with Musket
Umarian Horseman with Musket
Umarian Horseman with Musket
Umarian Horseman with Musket

Date: 1886
Umar Tall's Probable Pilgrimage Route (1828-1830)
Umar Tall's Probable Pilgrimage Route (1828-1830)
Umar Tall's Probable Pilgrimage Route (1828-1830)
Umar Tall's Probable Pilgrimage Route (1828-1830)

Date: 1972
Typical Portrayal of the Spread of Islam in Africa
Typical Portrayal of the Spread of Islam in Africa
Typical Portrayal of the Spread of Islam in Africa
Typical Portrayal of the Spread of Islam in Africa

Date: 1978
Umarian Domain, 1862
Umarian Domain, 1862
Umarian Domain, 1862
Umarian Domain, 1862

Date: 1991
Umarian Domain, 1881
Umarian Domain, 1881
Umarian Domain, 1881
Umarian Domain, 1881

Date: 1991
Dingiray, the first Umarian capital
Dingiray, the first Umarian capital
Dingiray, the first Umarian capital
Dingiray, the first Umarian capital

Date Range: 1880-1889
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