Discourses of Muslim Scholars in Colonial Ghana

by John Hanson and Muhammad al-Munir Gibrill

This gallery consists of English translations of Arabic and Hausa texts written by Al-hajj Umar ibn Bakri, a West African Muslim scholar of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Al-hajj Umar was a member of a Hausa Muslim family from Kano, Nigeria, who resided most of his adult life in Kete-Krachi, a town in what would be in today’s Ghana. His poems, considered some of best examples of Arabic expression in West Africa in this era, comment on European colonial rule, the activities of Muslim leaders, and other topics.

Browse Poem Topics
Poems listed by literary category and content topics.
Examine an 'ajami-Hausa Poem
Transcribed Poems in 'ajami-Hausa with English Translations
Learn about al-ḥājj 'Umar Krachi
Read a short biography about al-ḥājj 'Umar ibn Abī Bakri of Kete-Krachi