The Passport to Paradise gallery highlights the bold, visual images found all over Dakar by focusing upon the urban visual culture of the Mourides, a Senegalese Sufi movement centered upon the life and teachings of a local saint named Sheikh Amadou Bamba.

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MATRIX: The Center for Humane Arts, Letters and Social Sciences Online at

Michigan State University

MATRIX: The Center for Humane Arts, Letters and Social Sciences Online is a research, teaching, and publication center at MSU devoted to the application of new communications and technologies to facilitate the production and exchange of scholarly information around the globe. Its central mission is to:

  • Pioneer scholarly use of the Internet;
  • Be an international leader in the development of educational technology;
  • Be a premier research center in the humanities and social sciences.

In keeping with this mission, MATRIX is committed to allowing for the freest possible exchange of scholarly and educational information, while also protecting the property and rights of its partner institutions.

Whenever possible, MATRIX provides factual information about copyright owners and related matters in its exhibits, educational resources and publications (electronic and hardcopy). This includes clear identification of material owned by its partner institutions. MATRIX generally does not charge permissions fees for use of such materials by scholars, teachers or students for use in their own research publications or classrooms.

It is the researcher's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other use restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing material found in the MATRIX collections or on the MATRIX website. Transmission or reproduction of protected items beyond those allowed by fair use requires the written permission of copyright owners. Researchers must make their own assessments of rights in light of their intended use. Written permission from MATRIX or other copyright owner, must be secured before any of our collections can be used or reproduced for profit or license.

Inquiries about copyright permissions should be directed in writing to the African Online Digital Library.

Sampling from L'Institut Fondemental d'Afrique Noire (IFAN)

Phil Curtin Collection

Collection Boubacar Barry

Collection Charles Becker: Recherches et documents sur le Sida

Photographs from “Passport to Paradise’: Sufi Arts of Senegal and Beyond

Mosques of Bondoukou

Futa Toro, Senegal and Mauritania

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