African Oral Narratives
Military Intelligence in Apartheid-era South Africa

Images

Former police commissioner Hennie de Witt during a South African Police (SAP) ceremony on December 1, 1989.
Former police commissioner Hennie de Witt during a South African Police (SAP) ceremony on December 1, 1989.
Former police commissioner Hennie de Witt during a South African Police (SAP) ceremony on December 1, 1989.
Former police commissioner Hennie de Witt during a South African Police (SAP) ceremony on December 1, 1989.

Date: December 1, 1989
Former police commissioner General Johann van der Merwe at a South African Police (SAP) ceremony on December 1, 1989.
Former police commissioner General Johann van der Merwe at a South African Police (SAP) ceremony on December 1, 1989.
Former police commissioner General Johann van der Merwe at a South African Police (SAP) ceremony on December 1, 1989.
Former police commissioner General Johann van der Merwe at a South African Police (SAP) ceremony on December 1, 1989.

Date: December 1, 1989
Storm troopers of the Afrikaners Weerstandsbeweging (Afrikaner Resistance Movement) carrying the South African flag during a right-wing rally in Klerksdorp in 1993.
Storm troopers of the Afrikaners Weerstandsbeweging (Afrikaner Resistance Movement) carrying the South African flag during a right-wing rally in Klerksdorp in 1993.
Storm troopers of the Afrikaners Weerstandsbeweging (Afrikaner Resistance Movement) carrying the South African flag during a right-wing rally in Klerksdorp in 1993.
Storm troopers of the Afrikaners Weerstandsbeweging (Afrikaner Resistance Movement) carrying the South African flag during a right-wing rally in Klerksdorp in 1993.

Date: October 9, 1993
Eugene Terre'Blanche, Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging (AWB) leader,  on horseback during a right-wing rally in Klerksdorp in 1993.
Eugene Terre'Blanche, Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging (AWB) leader, on horseback during a right-wing rally in Klerksdorp in 1993.
Eugene Terre'Blanche, Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging (AWB) leader, on horseback during a right-wing rally in Klerksdorp in 1993.
Eugene Terre'Blanche, Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging (AWB) leader, on horseback during a right-wing rally in Klerksdorp in 1993.

Date: October 9, 1993
Youths carrying the Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging (African Resistance Movement) flag during a right-wing rally in Klerksdorp in 1993.
Youths carrying the Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging (African Resistance Movement) flag during a right-wing rally in Klerksdorp in 1993.
Youths carrying the Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging (African Resistance Movement) flag during a right-wing rally in Klerksdorp in 1993.
Youths carrying the Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging (African Resistance Movement) flag during a right-wing rally in Klerksdorp in 1993.

Date: October 9, 1993
Constand Viljoen, former chief of the South African Defence Force and leader of the Volksfront, on the night he decided to go to the polls during South Africa's first democratic elections in 1994.
Constand Viljoen, former chief of the South African Defence Force and leader of the Volksfront, on the night he decided to go to the polls during South Africa's first democratic elections in 1994.
Constand Viljoen, former chief of the South African Defence Force and leader of the Volksfront, on the night he decided to go to the polls during South Africa's first democratic elections in 1994.
Constand Viljoen, former chief of the South African Defence Force and leader of the Volksfront, on the night he decided to go to the polls during South Africa's first democratic elections in 1994.

Date: April 27, 1994
Former South African president FW de Klerk before a television interview at the Union Buildings in Pretoria in 1994.
Former South African president FW de Klerk before a television interview at the Union Buildings in Pretoria in 1994.
Former South African president FW de Klerk before a television interview at the Union Buildings in Pretoria in 1994.
Former South African president FW de Klerk before a television interview at the Union Buildings in Pretoria in 1994.

Date: 1994
General Tienie Groenewald, former chief director of military intelligence, on his way to a meeting in September 1997.
General Tienie Groenewald, former chief director of military intelligence, on his way to a meeting in September 1997.
General Tienie Groenewald, former chief director of military intelligence, on his way to a meeting in September 1997.
General Tienie Groenewald, former chief director of military intelligence, on his way to a meeting in September 1997.

Date: September 6, 1997
Generals Magnus Malan and Constand Viljoen shaking hands at a meeting in September 1997.
Generals Magnus Malan and Constand Viljoen shaking hands at a meeting in September 1997.
Generals Magnus Malan and Constand Viljoen shaking hands at a meeting in September 1997.
Generals Magnus Malan and Constand Viljoen shaking hands at a meeting in September 1997.

Date: September 6, 1997
A rare photograph of former South African president PW Botha after retirement at his homestead, Die Anker, in the Wilderness in the Southern Cape in May 2003.
A rare photograph of former South African president PW Botha after retirement at his homestead, Die Anker, in the Wilderness in the Southern Cape in May 2003.
A rare photograph of former South African president PW Botha after retirement at his homestead, Die Anker, in the Wilderness in the Southern Cape in May 2003.
A rare photograph of former South African president PW Botha after retirement at his homestead, Die Anker, in the Wilderness in the Southern Cape in May 2003.

Date: May 2003
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