African Oral Narratives
Military Intelligence in Apartheid-era South Africa

Interviews

Mining

Modikwa Platinum Mine, one of the South Africa's most profitable mines, lies in the heart of Maandagshoek. Established in 1999 as a joint capital investment venture between African Rainbow Minerals (ARM) and Anglo Platinum, Modikwa was supposed to bring development and empowerment to the surrounding community, a so-called 'historically disadvantaged' rural community, in the form of social, economic and cultural upliftment. Modikwa rolled out its Broad Based Black Economic Empowerment (BBBEE) programme in the form of two Section 21 companies and a host of purported 'developmental' companies to forge 'joint-ownership' of the mine with the neighbouring community and to provide job-creation through the mine's subsidiary activities. Many of the interviewees from Maandagshoek have in some way or another been involved with the mine and are generally of the opinion that the mine has not delivered on expectations, and that the mine has done nothing to improve the surrounding community. The Maandagshoek Development Committee, the only body that can legitimately claim to represent the collective interests of the Maandagshoek community, calls the Section 21 companies "toothless powerless and unaccountable, they are controlled by the mine which has a complete monopoly over knowledge and skills. The companies are not at all independent and they only function through ARM's management and control." Spokes- person for the Maandagshoek Development Committee, Emmanuel Mokgoga, believes that "the mines are creating poverty for our people, …the government is quiet, they don't say anything." Residents are outspoken on the futile promises of upliftment and development by mine management. Many feel that "…in our community there is a mine that does not do anything for us…" There is an overwhelming experience of anger and disillusionment with Modika and its BBBEE initiatives and residents firmly believe that the mine's impact on the community has been very negative. Many have also been actively involved in community protests to highlight the problems associated with the Modikwa mine and other mine prospectors in their community.

This interview with Grade 11 high school students Kedimetsi Mapori and Lerato Tebele was conducted by Dale McKinley and Ahmed Veriava in Maandagshoek in 2007 as part of the South African History Archive's Alternative History Project, titled 'Forgotten Voices in the Present'.

This interview with Simon Siloane, who is physically disabled and unemployed, was conducted by Dale McKinley and Ahmed Veriava in Maandagshoek in 2007 as part of the South African History Archive's Alternative History Project, titled 'Forgotten Voices in the Present'.

This interview with Lucas Serage and Pinky Komane, both high school matric students and community activists, was conducted by Dale McKinley and Ahmed Veriava in Maandagshoek in 2007 as part of the South African History Archive's Alternative History Project, titled 'Forgotten Voices in the Present'.

The first interview with Emmanuel Mokgoga, community leader/activist and spokesperson of the Maandagshoek Development Committee, was conducted by Dale McKinley and Ahmed Veriava in Maandagshoek in 2007 as part of the South African History Archive's Alternative History Project, titled 'Forgotten Voices in the Present'.

This interview with Chief Sonias Vilakazi of the Matimatsatsi community was conducted by Dale McKinley and Ahmed Veriava in Maandagshoek in 2007 as part of the South African History Archive's Alternative History Project, titled 'Forgotten Voices in the Present'.

This interview with Flora Mpusi and Flora Makwa, both elderly women in Chief Vilakazi’s household, was conducted by Dale McKinley and Ahmed Veriava in Maandagshoek in 2007 as part of the South African History Archive's Alternative History Project, titled 'Forgotten Voices in the Present'.

This interview with Simon Vilakazi, son of Chief Vilakazi and secretary for the Matimatsatsi Tribal Authority, was conducted by Dale McKinley and Ahmed Veriava in Maandagshoek in 2007 as part of the South African History Archive's Alternative History Project, titled 'Forgotten Voices in the Present'.

This is the second part of the interview with Johannes Madigakge, Bishop of the Apostolic Church of Christ, conducted by Dale McKinley and Ahmed Veriava in Maandagshoek in 2007 as part of the South African History Archive's Alternative History Project, titled 'Forgotten Voices in the Present'.

The first part of the interview with Johannes Madikgakge, Bishop of the Apostolic Church of Christ, was conducted by Dale McKinley and Ahmed Veriava in Maandagshoek in 2007 as part of the South African History Archive's Alternative History Project, titled 'Forgotten Voices in the Present'.

This interview with Olesnas Mamohale, a former chairperson of the Maandagshoek Development Committee, was conducted by Dale McKinley and Ahmed Veriava in Maandagshoek in 2007 as part of the South African History Archive's Alternative History Project, titled 'Forgotten Voices in the Present'.

This is the first interview with Joyce Kgwete conducted by Dale McKinley and Ahmed Veriava in Maandagshoek in 2007 as part of the South African History Archive's Alternative History Project, titled 'Forgotten Voices in the Present'.

The first part of the interview with Isaac Kgwete, chief of Maandagshoek, was conducted by Dale McKinley and Ahmed Veriava in Maandagshoek in 2007 as part of the South African History Archive's Alternative History Project, titled 'Forgotten Voices in the Present'.

This interview with Frans Maloko Thebene, a contract worker at Modikwa mine, was conducted by Dale McKinley and Ahmed Veriava in Maandagshoek in 2007 as part of the South African History Archive's Alternative History Project, titled 'Forgotten Voices in the Present'.

This interview with mineworkers Laurence Xhetsa and Simon Bongo was conducted by Dale McKinley and Ahmed Veriava in Maandagshoek in 2007 as part of the South African History Archive's Alternative History Project, titled 'Forgotten Voices in the Present'.

This interview with African National Congress (ANC) councillor Joseph Moime Madimabe was conducted by Dale McKinley and Ahmed Veriava in Maandagshoek in 2007 as part of the South African History Archive's Alternative History Project, titled 'Forgotten Voices in the Present'.

The second part of the interview with Chief Isaac Kgwete was conducted by Dale McKinley and Ahmed Veriava in Maandagshoek in 2007 as part of the South African History Archive's Alternative History Project, titled 'Forgotten Voices in the Present'.

Part one of the second interview with Emmanuel Mokgoga, community leader/activist and spokesperson of the Maandagshoek Development Committee, was conducted by Dale McKinley and Ahmed Veriava in Maandagshoek in 2008 as part of the South African History Archive's Alternative History Project, titled 'Forgotten Voices in the Present'.

This is the second interview with Joyce Kgwete conducted by Dale McKinley and Ahmed Veriava in Maandagshoek in 2008 as part of the South African History Archive's Alternative History Project, titled 'Forgotten Voices in the Present'.

Part two of the second interview with Emmanuel Mokgoga, community leader/activist and spokesperson of the Maandagshoek Development Committee, was conducted by Dale McKinley and Ahmed Veriava in Maandagshoek in 2008 as part of the South African History Archive's Alternative History Project, titled 'Forgotten Voices in the Present'.

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