Qadiri Community of Buh Kunta

By Maria Grosz-Ngate and Toba Diagne Haїdara

Interviews

Interview with El Haj Mame Buh Mamadu Kunta (El Hadj Mame Bou Mamadou Kounta), Khalife General

Interview with El Haj Mame Buh Mamadu Kunta (El Hadj Mame Bou Mamadou Kounta), Khalife General

Date: January 3, 2007
El Haji Mame Buh Mamadu Kunta is the Khalif General of Ndiassane and Ndankh. In this video, he speaks about his religious education and religious education more generally; his activities before becoming khalif; relations with other religious leaders in Senegal; the history of the Kunta family and their role in the dissemination of Islam; Shaykh Buh Kunta; and relations with followers. Interview in Wolof; translations in French and English. French translation of video interview completed by Adrien Pouille and Moussa Thiao. English translation completed by Maria Grosz-Ngate and Moussa Thiao.

Interview with Shaykh Bekkai Faal (Cheikh Becaye Fall)

Date: January 5, 2007
In this interview, Shaykh Bekkai Faal recounts how his father left his natal village of Dougabougou in the Segou region of Mali to settle in Ndiassane and become a follower of Buh Kunta. The father's family name was Coulibaly in Mali, which corresponds to the Wolof family name Faal in Senegal. Shaykh Faal explains that some therefore refer to him as Faal, others as Coulibaly.  He also expands on life in Ndiassane; his family's relationship with the Kunta family; his mother's background; other Mande members of the community; and his own visit to, and involvement in, his father's village of origin.
Interview in the Bamana language; translation in French.

Interview with Imam Sidy Omar Kunta

Date: January 2007
Imam Sidy Omar Kunta explains who the different imams of Ndiassane were before him and points out that they do not come from only one family lineage, as is widely believed. He also speaks about the current mosque and the project of constructing a new, larger mosque. Interview in Wolof with translations in French and English.

Buh Khalifa Kunta (Bou Khalifa Kounta) Interview 1

Date: January 2007
Interview with Buh Muhammed Kunta, also known as Buh Khalifa Kunta. Mr. Kunta speaks about the history of the Buh Kunta branch of the Qadiriyya covering the origins of Shaykh Buh Naama, Buh Kunta's father, and the circumstances surrounding his arrival and settlement in Senegal; Buh Kunta's background; religious education in Ndiassane, and relations with other Qadiriyya branches in Senegal and Mauritania. Interview in Wolof with French translation.

Interview with Shaykh Sidi Yakhya Kunta (Cheikh Sidi Yakhya Kounta)

Date: January 2007
Shaykh Sidi Yakhya Kunta discusses his background, his knowledge about Buh Kunta, his role in preparations for the annual pilgrimage, and current concerns. Interview in Wolof with French translation.

Interview with Shaykh Mamadu Mbodj (Cheikh Mamadou Mbodj)

Date: August 2007
Shaykh Mamadu Mbodj describes his activities as a member of the Buh Kunta Qadiriyya, especially as a singer. He speaks about the relationship between his home town of Bargny and Ndiassane and recalls the ziaara (pious visits) he and other followers made to Ndiassane when Sidy Lamin Kunta was khalif. Interview in Wolof with French translation.
Interview with Shaykh Buh Njaay (Cheikh Bou Ndiaye)

Interview with Shaykh Buh Njaay (Cheikh Bou Ndiaye)

Date: December 2007
Shaykh Buh Njaay recalls the circumstances surrounding his birth that led his father to give him into the care of Buh Kunta as a young child. He recounts what he remembers about Buh Kunta, how he lived in his household, and his religious education. Interview in Wolof with French translation.

Buh Khalifa Kunta (Bou Khalifa Kounta) Interview 2

Date: December 2007
Second interview with Buh Muhammed Kunta, also known as Buh Khalifa. Mr. Kunta relates his religious and secular education, family connections with spiritual leaders in Mauritania and with the Kunta of Mali. He then elaborates on various topics such as Buh Kunta's commercial activities, the villages established by him, followers who were close to him, the annual pilgrimage, and the position of shaykh. Interview in Wolof with French translation.

Interview with Muhammed Kunta (Mouhammed Kounta)

Date: December 2007
Professor Kunta reflects on his early years; his family, and especially his relationship with his grandfather and father; Cheikh Bou and the khalifs who succeeded him. He speaks about the cordial relations between Ndiassane, Tivaouane, and Touba and highlights the spiritual bond that existed between Khalif Sidi Lamin Kunta and Serigne Babacar Sy of Tivaouane. In addition, he discusses topics such as the importance of followers of Mande background and family connections with Mali; his responsibilities as the eldest son of the khalif;  and  contemporary concerns, including the education of girls. Audio interview in French with transcription.

Interview with Soxna Astuh Kunta (Sokhna Astou Kounta)

Date: August 2011
Soxna Astou Kounta addresses several topics in this interview: her own education and that of women more generally; her role as an assistant to her father Khalif El Haj Mame Buh; and her concerns about youth unemployment. received a Koranic education and also went to a secular school. Interview in Wolof with translation in French.

Images

Shaykh Saad Buh

Shaykh Saad Buh

Date: 1900
Shaykh Saad Buh (ca. 1850-1917) receiving disciples, with period furniture and rug, ca. 1900.
Shaykh Sidiyya Baba in Caravan

Shaykh Sidiyya Baba in Caravan

Date: 1903
Shaykh Sidiyya Baba (1862-1924) traveling in a camel caravan with his entourage, 1903. He stands out by his white robes, signifying a Muslim scholar or marabout. The picture came from the Fonds Auguste Terrien at the Institut de France in Paris. It was supplied to David Robinson by Ghislaine Lydon and placed in his book, "Paths of Accommodation."
Malik Sy (ca. 1855-1922)

Malik Sy (ca. 1855-1922)

Date: 1912
El Haj Malik Sy, photographed in Tivaouane, ca. 1912.
Amadu Bamba (ca. 1853-1927)

Amadu Bamba (ca. 1853-1927)

Date: 1913
Shaykh Amadu Bamba, photographed in Diourbel, 1913.
Shaykh Bekkai Faal (Cheikh Bécaye Fall)

Shaykh Bekkai Faal (Cheikh Bécaye Fall)

Date: January 5, 2007
Shaykh Bekkai Faal during interview in Ndiassane
Shaykh Pape Malick Beye

Shaykh Pape Malick Beye

Date: January 2007
Shaykh Pape Malick Beye, director of one of the four Koranic schools in Ndiassane.
Shaykh Mussa Cissoxo (Moussa Cissokho)

Shaykh Mussa Cissoxo (Moussa Cissokho)

Date: January 2007
Shaykh Mussa Cissoxo in his home in Rufisque, Senegal.
Ahmed Bashir Kunta (Ahmed Bachir Kounta)

Ahmed Bashir Kunta (Ahmed Bachir Kounta)

Date: January 2007
Mr. Ahmed Bashir Kunta in his office at RTS, the Senegalese national radio and television station.
Khalif El Haj Mame Buh Mamadu Kunta (El Hadj Mame Bou Mamadou Kounta)

Khalif El Haj Mame Buh Mamadu Kunta (El Hadj Mame Bou Mamadou Kounta)

Date: January 2007
El Haj Mame Mamadu Kunta, sixth khalif and first of Shaykh Buh Kunta's grandsons to accede to the khalifate. Photographed after the interview with the authors and Mr. Makhtar Njaga Kone (in foreground).
Khalif El Haj Mame Buh Mamadu Kunta (El Hadj Mame Bou Mamadou Kounta)

Khalif El Haj Mame Buh Mamadu Kunta (El Hadj Mame Bou Mamadou Kounta)

Date: January 2007
Khalif El Haj Mame Buh Mamadu Kunta, sixth khalif and first of Shaykh Buh Kunta's grandsons to acceded to the khalifat. Photographed after the interview with the authors.
Khalif El Haj Mame Buh Mamadu Kunta (El Hadj Mame Bou Mamadou Kounta)

Khalif El Haj Mame Buh Mamadu Kunta (El Hadj Mame Bou Mamadou Kounta)

Date: April 7, 2007
Khalif El Haj Mame Buh Mamadu Kunta surrounded by pilgrims and assistants during the 2007 gàmmu in Ndiassane. The men in blue are members of the Young Qadiri Movement (Mouvement des jeunes khadres).
Khalif El Haj Mame Buh Mamadu Kunta (El Hadj Mame Bou Mamadou Kounta)

Khalif El Haj Mame Buh Mamadu Kunta (El Hadj Mame Bou Mamadou Kounta)

Date: April 7, 2007
Khalif El Haj Mame Buh Mamadu Kunta during the 2007 gàmmu in Ndiassane, preparing to address assembled pilgrims.
Mr. Sadio Dembélé

Mr. Sadio Dembélé

Date: April 7, 2007
Mr. Sadio Dembele, a disciple from Mali, during the 2007 gàmmu (pilgrimage) in Ndiassane. Mr. Dembele plays a key role in organizing the pilgrimage of Malian followers and serves as an intermediary between the Malian delegation and the Khalif.
Pilgrims Doussou Sangare and Fatoumata Soucko

Pilgrims Doussou Sangare and Fatoumata Soucko

Date: April 7, 2007
Mrs. Doussou Sangare and Mrs. Fatoumata Soucko, from the Hamdallaye neighborhood of Bamako, Mali. Photographed during the 2007 gàmmu in Ndiassane.

Khalif El Haj Mame Buh during 2007 pilgrimage

Date: April 7, 2007
Khalif El Haj Mame Buh Mamadu Kunta surrounded by followers during the 2007 pilgrimage.
Food preparation

Food preparation

Date: April 2007
Food preparation during the 2007 gàmmu in Ndiassane.
At the mosque in Ndiassane

At the mosque in Ndiassane

Date: April 2007
Pilgrims at the mosque in Ndiassane. Gàmmu 2007.
Malian pilgrim

Malian pilgrim

Date: April 2007
Malian pilgrim surrounded by trade goods during the 2007 gàmmu in Ndiassane.
Malian damask cloth

Malian damask cloth

Date: April 2007
Display of Malian damask cloth (basin), for sale during 2007 pilgrimage in Ndiassane.
Women's Association Sign

Women's Association Sign

Date: April 2007
Sign carried on the bus from Mali to identify the women's association and its president Wa Soucko as disciples of Ndiassane. Photographed during the 2007 gàmmu.
Mauritanian pilgrims

Mauritanian pilgrims

Date: April 2007
Pilgrims from Mauritania during the 2007 gàmmu in Ndiassane.
Group of Malian pilgrims

Group of Malian pilgrims

Date: April 2007
Mrs. Doussou Sangare and Mrs. Fatoumata Soucko surrounded by other pilgrims from Mali. Photographed in Ndiassane during the 2007 gàmmu.
Pilgrims in Ndiassane

Pilgrims in Ndiassane

Date: April 2007
Pilgrims assembled to listen to Khalif El Haj Mame Buh Mamadu Kunta during the 2007 gàmmu.
Madame Mariame Koné

Madame Mariame Koné

Date: April 2007
Mrs. Mariame Koné, a pilgrim from Mali, in front of her trade goods. The goods women sell help them defray the cost of the trip to Senegal. Photographed in Ndiassane during the 2007 gàmmu.
Malian pilgrims

Malian pilgrims

Date: April 2007
Malian pilgrims and bystanders during the 2007 gàmmu in Ndiassane. The goods pilgrims sell help them defray the cost of the trip.
Women pilgrims in Ndiassane

Women pilgrims in Ndiassane

Date: April 2007
Women pilgrims assembled to listen to Khalif El Haj Mame Buh Mamadu Kunta during the 2007 gàmmu.
Mauritanian pilgrims

Mauritanian pilgrims

Date: April 2007
Pilgrims from Mauritania during the 2007 gàmmu in Ndiassane.
Gathering of Buh Kunta followers

Gathering of Buh Kunta followers

Date: July 7, 2007
Disciples of Buh Kunta assembled under a tent in Rue 11 of the Medina neighborhood of Dakar on the occasion of a visit by Khalif El Hadj Mame Bou Mamadou Kounta.
Gathering of Buh Kunta disciples

Gathering of Buh Kunta disciples

Date: July 7, 2007
Assembly of Buh Kunta disciples under a tent in Rue 11 of the Medina neighborhood of Dakar. The women in the foreground are seated around a stage erected for an address by Khalif El Hadj Mame Bou Mamadou Kounta.
Shaykh Bintuh Jaara (Bintou Diara)

Shaykh Bintuh Jaara (Bintou Diara)

Date: July 2007
Mrs. Bintuh Jaara, who has been named "Shaykh" in recognition of her services.
Shaykhs Bintuh Jaara & Konimba Jaara

Shaykhs Bintuh Jaara & Konimba Jaara

Date: July 2007
Shaykh Bintuh Jaara (Bintou Diara) and her husband Shaykh Konimba Jaara (Konimba Diara) in their home in Pikine, outside Dakar.
Shaykh Mamadu Mbodj (Cheikh Mamadou Mbodj)

Shaykh Mamadu Mbodj (Cheikh Mamadou Mbodj)

Date: August 2007
Shaykh Mamadu Mbodj in his home in Bargny at the interview with the authors.
Rock near Ndiassane

Rock near Ndiassane

Date: December 2007
Rock that is said to bear the imprint of the fingers of Shaykh Buh Kunta's hand along a path in the fields on the outskirts of Ndiassane.
Path leading to area of former séanes

Path leading to area of former séanes

Date: December 2007
Path on the outskirts of Ndiassane leading to the area where the springs (séanes) had been located.
Fields outside Ndiassane

Fields outside Ndiassane

Date: December 2007
Fields on the outskirts of Ndiassane near the area of the former springs (séanes). The photo shows how dry this area is between rainy seasons.
Area of former springs (séanes)

Area of former springs (séanes)

Date: December 2007
Area on the outskirts of Ndiassane where, according to oral tradition, Shaykh Buh Kunta made springs erupt that greatly improved the agricultural potential.
Khalif Sidi Lamin Kunta legacy (4)

Khalif Sidi Lamin Kunta legacy (4)

Date: 2007
Water retention basin constructed by Khalif Sidi Lamin Kunta.
Buh Khalifa Kunta (Bou Khalifa Kounta) 1

Buh Khalifa Kunta (Bou Khalifa Kounta) 1

Date: 2007
Mr. Buh Muhamed Kunta, known as Buh Khalifa, at his home in Parcelles Assainies, Dakar. Photo taken after interview.
Shaykh Buh Njaay (Cheikh Bou Ndiaye) (2)

Shaykh Buh Njaay (Cheikh Bou Ndiaye) (2)

Date: 2007
Photo of Shaykh Buh Njaay in his home in Thiès, Senegal, taken after the interview with the authors.
Buh Khalifa Kunta (Bou Khalifa Kounta) 2

Buh Khalifa Kunta (Bou Khalifa Kounta) 2

Date: 2007
Mr. Buh Khalifa Kunta with his children at his home in Parcelles Assainies, Dakar. Photo taken after interview.
Shaykh Buh Njaay (Cheikh Bou Ndiaye) (3)

Shaykh Buh Njaay (Cheikh Bou Ndiaye) (3)

Date: 2007
Photo of Shaykh Buh Njaay in his home in Thiès, Senegal, taken after the interview with the authors.
Shaykh Buh Njaay (Cheikh Bou Ndiaye) (1)

Shaykh Buh Njaay (Cheikh Bou Ndiaye) (1)

Date: 2007
Photo of Shaykh Buh Njaay in his home in Thiès, Senegal, taken after the interview with the authors.
Shaykh Mussa Jaxate (Moussa Diakhate)

Shaykh Mussa Jaxate (Moussa Diakhate)

Date: January 1, 2008
Shaykh Mussa Jaxate (Moussa Diakhate) in front of his home in Rufisque, after the interview with the authors.
Warc 266, El Haj Shaykh Bou Kounta Jamm (El Hadj Cheikh Bou Kounta Thiam)

Warc 266, El Haj Shaykh Bou Kounta Jamm (El Hadj Cheikh Bou Kounta Thiam)

Date: January 2008
El Haji Shaykh Buh Kunta Jamm, named after Shaykh Buh Kunta, in his home in the Medina neighborhood of Dakar. Photographed after the interview with the authors.
Shaykh Buh al-Bekkai Kunta (Cheikh Bou al-Bécaye Kounta)

Shaykh Buh al-Bekkai Kunta (Cheikh Bou al-Bécaye Kounta)

Date: January 2008
Cropped photo of the first khalif of Buh Kunta, Shaykh Buh al- Békkai.  The full framed photo includes two other religious leaders who were obscured by the glare from the camera flash. Photographed in the home of Shaykh Mussa Diakhate, Rufisque, Senegal.
Warc 265, El Haj Shaykh Buh Kunta Jamm (El Hadj Cheikh Bou Kounta Thiam)

Warc 265, El Haj Shaykh Buh Kunta Jamm (El Hadj Cheikh Bou Kounta Thiam)

Date: January 2008
El Haji Buh Kunta Jamm, named after Shaykh Buh Kunta, in his home in the Medina neighborhood of Dakar. Photographed after the interview with the authors.
Soxna Astuh Kunta (Sokhna Astou Kounta)

Soxna Astuh Kunta (Sokhna Astou Kounta)

Date: August 2011
Photo of Soxna Astuh Kunta in her room in the residence of Khalif El Haj Mame Buh Mamadu Kunta.
Khalif Sidi Lamin Kunta Guest Residence (2)

Khalif Sidi Lamin Kunta Guest Residence (2)

Date: 2011
Interior courtyard of residence Khalif Sidi Lamin Kunta had constructed in Ndiassane to accommodate pilgrims. Photographed on a rainy day.

Khalif Sidi Lamin Kunta Guest Residence

Date: 2011
Three photos showing the guest residence Khalif Sidi Lamin Kunta had constructed in Ndiassane to accommodate pilgrims. Images include the building facade, courtyard, and an internal hallway.
Khalif Sidi Lamin Kunta Guest Residence (1)

Khalif Sidi Lamin Kunta Guest Residence (1)

Date: 2011
Partial view of the façade of a residence Khalif Sidi Lamin Kunta had constructed in Ndiassane to accommodate pilgrims. Photographed on a rainy day.
Khalif Sidi Lamin Kunta Guest Residence (3)

Khalif Sidi Lamin Kunta Guest Residence (3)

Date: 2011
Interior hallway of residence Khalif Sidi Lamin Kunta had constructed in Ndiassane to accommodate pilgrims.

Landscape Around Ndiassane

Date: 2012
Gallery of images showing the area in and around Ndiassane...
Sons and main followers of Shaykh Buh Kunta

Sons and main followers of Shaykh Buh Kunta

Photo taken by Paul Marty in Ndiassane in which he identifies the four eldest sons of Shaykh Buh Kunta. It is titled:
les fils et les principaux talibés de Bou Kounta,  à Ndiassane
  1. Abd Er-Rahman. – 2. Bekkaï. – 3. Khalifa. – 4. Sidi Lamin.
 
Khalif Sidi Lamin Kunta (Sidi Lamine Kounta)

Khalif Sidi Lamin Kunta (Sidi Lamine Kounta)

Framed photo of Khalif Sidi Lamine Kounta in his later years. Photographed in the home of Shaykh Moussa Diakhate, Rufisque, Senegal. This image seems to be the only available photo of him as khalif.
El Haj Mamadu Kunta (El Hadj Mamadou Kounta)

El Haj Mamadu Kunta (El Hadj Mamadou Kounta)

Part of framed photo of El Haj Mamadu Kunta, third khalif of Ndiassane.
Khalif Shaykh Buh Mohamed Kunta (Cheikh Bou Mohamed Kounta)

Khalif Shaykh Buh Mohamed Kunta (Cheikh Bou Mohamed Kounta)

Framed photo of Khalif Shaykh Buh Mohamed Kunta, the fifth khalif and the last of Buh Kunta's sons who acceded to the khalifat. Shaykh Buh Mohamed is on the right; El Haj Mame Buh Mamadu Kunta, the khalif who succeeded Shaykh Buh Mohamed, is in the middle. Photographed in the room where the authors were received by Khalif El Haj Mame Buh Mamadu.
Khalif Sidy Yakhya Kunta with Shaykh Mussa Jaxate (Moussa Diakhate)

Khalif Sidy Yakhya Kunta with Shaykh Mussa Jaxate (Moussa Diakhate)

Framed photo of Shaykh Moussa Diakhate with Khalif Sidy Yakhya Kounta. Photographed in the home of Mr. Diakhate, Rufisque, Senegal.
El Haj Mamadu Kunta (El Hadj Mamadou Kounta)

El Haj Mamadu Kunta (El Hadj Mamadou Kounta)

Framed photo of Khalif El Haj Mamadu Kunta (center), the third khalif, with Shaykh Mbacke (left), grandson of Shaykh Amadu Bamba, and son El Haj Mame Buh Mamadu (right). Photographed in room where Khalif El Haj Mame Buh Mamadu Kunta received the authors.
El Haj Mame Buh Mamadu Kunta (Mame Bou Mamadou Kounta)

El Haj Mame Buh Mamadu Kunta (Mame Bou Mamadou Kounta)

Framed photo of El Haj Mame Buh Mamadu Kunta in his younger years, taken upon his return from Mecca. Photographed in the room of Khalif El Haj Mame Buh Mamadu where he received the authors.

Documents

Letter from administrator Godel

Date: January 6, 1911
Tivaouane cercle administrator Godel informs the Lieutenant Governor of Senegal that, in accordance with the Governor's instructions, he has had a parcel of land demarcated that might be granted to Buh Kunta. The letter is accompanied by a sketch outlining the projected property [p. 3]. Administrator Godel promises to follow up with proposals for the placement of a well.

Letter from Deputy Francois Carpot

Date: November 16, 1911
In this letter, Deputy to the French Assembly Francois Carpot asks the Governor of Senegal to intervene on behalf of Buh Kunta's efforts to acquire some parcels of land. He notes that Governor General Ponty had already given his agreement but that Buh Kunta had been unable to take possession due to the opposition of administrator Godel.

Estate of Buh Kunta

Date: March 27, 1915
This set of documents from a file titled "Inheritance of Bou Kounta 1914-1915" lists the estate of Buh Kunta inventoried and valued after his death in 1914. It includes properties in Saint-Louis, Rufisque, Dakar, Tivaouane, and Ndiassane; animals (including oxen and cows, donkeys, camels, horses, goats); cash; and rental income.  One document specifies the division of the inheritance; another one indicates that Buh Kunta's three eldest sons - Bekaye Kunta, Abdurahmane Kunta & Sidy Lamin Kunta - agree to pay the workers assisting with the settlement 3% of what is left of the estate.
Binetou Diarra, Dahira Invitation

Binetou Diarra, Dahira Invitation

Date: July 3, 1990
Document from El Haj Shaykh Buh Kunta (Cheikh Bou Kounta), Khalif General of the Quadiriyya order in Ndiassane, to Mrs. Bintu Jarra (Binetou Diarra) in Pikine, a suburb of Dakar, inviting all Qadiri disciples, relatives and Muslims, to participate in the activities of Mrs. Diarra's daaira (dahira). With blessings to all.
Warc 258

Warc 258

Date: February 1998
Certificate of Merit provided to Shaykh Mussa Jaxate (Moussa Diakhate) by the Cheikhna Cheikh Saad Buh Foundation during the International Qadiriyya Conference held in Dakar from February 14-16, 1998.

Qadiriyya of Ndiassane, Kunta Spiritual Genealogy

Date: 2006
Kunta spiritual genealogy and religious heritage. Top half of document shows the founder, Shaykh Buh Kunta, followed by the sons who succeeded him and their years in the khalifate. El Haj Mame Buh Mamadu Kunta, who became khalif on April 29, 2006, was the first of the grandsons to become khalif. The bottom half represents the spiritual chain that links the reigning khalif to the Kunta scholarly lineages of the Sahara desert down to the illustrious scholar and jurist Sidi Ahmed al-Bekkaï Kunta (d. 1514) and the earliest Kunta ancestor and, through him, to the family of the Prophet Mohamed. The second page is an Arabic version of the same document.

Newspaper clippings

Pious visit of Thiariack: The work of the Prophet exalted

Pious visit of Thiariack: The work of the Prophet exalted

Date: March 8, 1991
Thiariack, a small village located in the department of Kaolack, held a ziaara to give thanks to Allah and to glorify the Prophet Mohamed and the "Saint of Baghdad" (Abdoul Khader Jeylani, founder of the Qadiriyya). The Khalif of Ndiassane, surrounded by his sons and followers, and government officials took part in this religious ritual that appears to be growing in importance. In the exchange of greetings, well wishes, and blessings, the Khalif and the minister who represented President Abdou Diouf both evoked the desire for peace in the Persion Gulf.
Religion: 79th Pious Visit in Ndiassane, Saturday

Religion: 79th Pious Visit in Ndiassane, Saturday

Date: February 7, 1993
Brief article reporting on the upcoming pious visit to Khalif  Shaykh Mame Buh Kunta of Ndiassane and the rituals scheduled to take place on this occasion. The pilgrimage is intended to mark the importance of the month preceding Ramadan as well as to commemorate the 79th anniversary of the death of Buh Kunta, the founder of Ndiassane. Thousands of pilgrims from as far as Mali are expected.
Mawlud in the regions [of Senegal]: Plea for a return to God

Mawlud in the regions [of Senegal]: Plea for a return to God

Date: September 1, 1994
The article reports on the celebration of Mawulud, the "baptism" of the Prophet Mohamed, in Ndiassane the previous Friday. It notes that Ndiassane was too small for the thousands of faithful who had come from all over Senegal, from Mauritania, Mali, and elsewhere. Ahmed Bashir Kunta, the spokesman for the Khalif, recognized this in his welcome of the governmental delegation that had also come. He asked the head of the delegation to transmit the family's appreciation of the government's support to President Abdou Diouf and confirmed the Khalif's support of the President. In his address, the spokesperson of the delegation noted among other things that the secular and the religious authorities need to strive for a durable peace in Senegal. However, peace should not only be a concern for religious leaders but for all Senegalese, who also should pray to God. Khalif Buh Muhamed prayed in person for the President and for the [Tijaniyya] Khalif El Hadji Abdoul Aziz Sy and the [Murid] Khalif Serigne Saliou Mbacke. He thanked in the particular the regional governor for his logistical support of the "baptism" celebration.
Spokesman Bashir Kunta pointed out that Khalif Shaykh Buh Muhamed dedicates his life to the expansion of the Qadiriyya and that Qadiriyya groups are springing up in Europe, the United States, in Africa and the Maghreb, thus expanding the circle of the community. In the course of the night, Mr Bashir Kunta lectured to the audience assembled under the tent about the life and work of the Prophet Mohamed, the life trajectory of founder Buh Kunta, the activities of the current Khalif as well as about topics that ranged from divorce to the environment, human rights, and the protection of children.
Ndiassane annual pilgrimage: The government reaches out to all religious communities

Ndiassane annual pilgrimage: The government reaches out to all religious communities

Date: April 19, 2006
The article focuses on the message conveyed by the government on the occasion of the annual pilgrimage celebrations in Ndiassane. Minister of the Interior Ousmane Ngom, who headed the delegation of national and regional officials, transmitted greetings and well-wishes from the head of state to the Khalif, and then addressed himself to all religious leaders, Muslim as well as Christian. He noted that they are educators, opinion leaders, and important intermediaries in the Senegalese social fabric and are well placed to remind Senegalese of their cultural and religious values. Thus, they are being asked to support the President of the Republic in his quest to make Senegal an emerging country by urging "our compatriots" to change their behavior in the right direction.
Obituary: Shaykh Buh Muhamed Kunta called home to God

Obituary: Shaykh Buh Muhamed Kunta called home to God

Date: May 2, 2006
The article reports the passing of the Khalif Shaykh Buh Muhamed Kunta during the night from Saturday, April 29, to Sunday, April 30, after a long illness. The burial took place at 5am of the same day. 92 years of age, the late khalif acceded to the khalifate in 1987. The author notes that the oldest of the Khalifs General was appreciated for his wisdom, opennes, and discretion.
The article also reminds the reader of the long history of Islam in Senegal, its co-existence with Christianity as well as with animism. Ndiassane is a branch of the Qadiriyya, the oldest of the different Sufi orders represented in Senegal.
The author concludes by presenting the condolences of Babacar Toure, President of the Communications Group Sud and its staff, and by the new Khalif, his relatives and followers, a long life and good health.
Mourning in the Islamic community: The Khalif of Ndiassane passes away at the age of 92

Mourning in the Islamic community: The Khalif of Ndiassane passes away at the age of 92

Date: May 2, 2006
The article reports the passing of Mame Buh Mamadu Kunta, the 5th khalif of Ndiassane. It notes that in addition to the followers who streamed to Ndiassane as soon as the death became public, religious and secular dignitaries, including the head of state (President Wade), came to offer their condolences.
The most senior member of the Khalifs General: Shaykh Buh Muhamed Kunta called home to God

The most senior member of the Khalifs General: Shaykh Buh Muhamed Kunta called home to God

Date: May 3, 2006
This article reports the passing of Shaykh Buh Muhammed Kunta and his burial at 5am on April 30, 2006. It notes that the late khalif was the 5th khalif of the Kunta family and the last of the sons of founder Shaykh Buh Kunta to occupy the khalifate. Faithful from all parts of the country streamed to Ndiassane to pay their last respects. A sad event for the entire country, his departure also brought many Islamic leaders to Ndiassane, including Serigne Abdul Aziz Sy Jr. and Serigne Maudo Abdul Aziz as representatives of the Khalif General of the Tijaniyya, and Serigne Saliu Ture, the representative of the spiritual leader of the Murids in Thies. In funeral orations and condolences, the deceased was remembered as a distinguished scholar of Islamic thought.
Shaykh Buh's designated successor, El Haj Mame Buh Mamadu, will be the first of the founder's grandsons to become khalif.

"Ndiassane rediscovers the 'miracle' of its spring"

Date: January 17, 2014
Online article of January 17, 2014, with a photo of Khalif El Haj Mame Buh Mamadu Kunta. Reports that Mr. Ahmet Kunta, spokesperson and son of the Qadiri Khalif General of Ndiassane, revealed that a spring which first erupted in 1883 is again providing potable water after several years of drought. In an interview with APS, Mr. Kunta spoke about the response of the local population to the reappearance of the spring; the historical significance of the spring and its importance as a water supply; and the possibility of creating a borehole. The spring reappeared as the Kunta family is preparing for the annual pilgrimage, scheduled for the following Monday (January 20).

Maps

Saad Buh, the Fadiliyya Network and the Senegalo-Mauritanian Zone (circa 1880-1920)

Saad Buh, the Fadiliyya Network and the Senegalo-Mauritanian Zone (circa 1880-1920)

Date: 2000
This map shows the areas where the Fadiliyya Path had significant numbers of followers between 1880-1920. Saad Buh consolidated the network of his father Muhammad Fadil and established bases for the zawiya in Nimjat and Touizikht, Mauritania.
Malik Sy and the Senegalo-Mauritanian zone (circa 1880-1920)

Malik Sy and the Senegalo-Mauritanian zone (circa 1880-1920)

Date: 2000
This map shows the areas where El Haj Malik Sy travelled, taught, and spread the Tijaniyya Way between 1880 and 1920. He spent time in Saint Louis, Gandiole, and Ndiarnde before settling in Tivaouane in 1902. Located on the rail line to Saint Louis, Tivaouane was then the seat of the colonial administration for the Cayor region. It became the spiritual center for his followers and attracts thousands of pilgrims every year.
The Sidiyya Network and the Senegalo-Mauritanian zone (circa 1880-1920)

The Sidiyya Network and the Senegalo-Mauritanian zone (circa 1880-1920)

Date: 2000
This map highlights the areas of Mauritania, Senegal, and Gambia where Shaykh Sidiyya Baba, grandson of Sidiyya al-Kabir, had networks of followers. The spiritual center of the Sidiyya Path is in Boutilimit, Mauritania.
The Murids and the Senegalo-Mauritanian Zone, ca. 1880-1920

The Murids and the Senegalo-Mauritanian Zone, ca. 1880-1920

Date: 2000
This map shows the areas where Shaykh Amadu Bamba Mbacke attracted followers in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Born in Mbacke-Baol, Amadu Bamba laid the foundation for a religious and economic community in eastern Baol in the 1880s. He established the village of Touba at a site where he says that the archangel Gabriel appeared to him. Perceived as a threat to French interests, he was arrested by the colonial government in 1895 and sent into exile in Gabon.  He was allowed to return to Senegal in 1902 but was arrested and deported again in 1903, this time to western Mauritania. Amadu Bamba's community of followers grew in his absence under the leadership of dedicated relatives and disciples. He received permission to settle in Cheyene (Jolof) in 1907 and then in Diourbel (Baol) in 1912. He was kept under house arrest in Diourbel until his death in 1927. Although Shaykh Bamba's repeated requests to move to nearby Touba were denied, he was buried in Touba. Touba became the spiritual capital of the Murids. Now one of the largest cities in Senegal, thousands of followers regularly come to pray in its vast mosque, constructed of imported marble, and the surrounding courtyard, tiled with travertine, and tens of thousands stream to Touba during the annual pilgrimage.

Video footage

Buh Kunta Mausoleum (video footage)

Date: January 3, 2007
Video footage of the mausoleum of Buh Kunta, shot January 2007.