Discourses of Muslim Scholars in Colonial Ghana

by John Hanson and Muhammad al-Munir Gibrill


Ajami Script Example from Muslim Revival (historical poem)
This is a close up of a section from the historical poem about Muslim Revival to provide you an example of `ajami Hausa

Al-hajj 'Umar

Al-hajj 'Umar

Date Range: Late 19th Century

Format: Image/jpeg
Image reportedly of al-ḥājj 'Umar ibn Abī Bakri of Kete-Krachi. Taken in Ghana on September 19, 2013

Arabic Script - Poem Extract

Arabic Script - Poem Extract

Date: 1932
Format: Text/jpeg
This is a close up of one poem section to provide an example of the Arabic script found in the original poem

Colonial Rule 1 (historical poem)

Colonial Rule 1 (historical poem)

Date: 1899
Format: Text/pdf
This historical poem is one of three composed by al-ḥājj 'Umar ibn Abī Bakr of Kete-Krachi (commonly al-ḥājj 'Umar Krachi) to describe and comment on the European colonial rule in West Africa. Al-ḥājj 'Umar Krachi was positioned well to provide commentary from a West African Muslim perspective on the European colonial advance into the region during the l  Show More

Colonial Rule 2 (historical poem)

Colonial Rule 2 (historical poem)

Date: 1900
Format: Text/pdf
This historical poem is one of three composed by al-ḥājj 'Umar ibn Abī Bakr of Kete-Krachi (commonly al-ḥājj 'Umar Krachi)) to describe and comment on European colonial rule in West Africa. Al-ḥājj 'Umar Krachi was positioned well to provide commentary from a West African Muslim perspective on the European colonial advance into the region during the late  Show More

Colonial Rule 3 (historical poem)

Colonial Rule 3 (historical poem)

Date: 1907
Format: Text/pdf
This historical poem is one of three composed by al-ḥājj 'Umar ibn Abī Bakr of Kete-Krachi (commonly al-ḥājj 'Umar Krachi) to describe and comment on European colonial rule in West Africa. Al-ḥājj 'Umar Krachi was positioned well to provide commentary from a West African Muslim perspective on the European colonial advance into the region during the late   Show More

Hosting Ramadan (praise poem)

Hosting Ramadan (praise poem)

Date: 1910
Format: Text/pdf
This praise poem was composed by al-ḥājj 'Umar Krachi (al-ḥājj 'Umar ibn Abī Bakr) to thank the people of Tetemu for hosting him during the month of Ramadan. The poem reveals an instance of the widespread West African Muslim practice of hosting Muslim scholars during the month of Ramadan. Al-ḥājj 'Umar Krachi visited the Muslim community of Tetemu, perhap  Show More

Kete-Krachi Mosque (praise poem)

Kete-Krachi Mosque (praise poem)

Date: 1933
Format: Text/pdf
This praise poem is composed by al-ḥājj 'Umar Krachi (al-ḥājj 'Umar ibn Abī Bakr) to express thanks and gratitude to all those who assisted him in reconstructing his mosque. This poem was composed late in al-ḥājj 'Umar's life. It lists and praises those who contributed funds to the building of a mosque in Kete-Krachi. It mentions one of the most generous   Show More

Labbo (elegiac poem)

Labbo (elegiac poem)

Date: 1931
Format: Text/pdf
This elegiac poem is composed by al-ḥājj 'Umar Krachi (al-ḥājj 'Umar ibn Abī Bakr) on the death of his son, Lobbo. Al-ḥājj 'Umar Krachi had numerous children, but he was particularly close to Labbo, whom he hoped would succeed him as a Muslim scholar. Labbo was one of the few family members accompanying al-ḥājj 'Umar on his pilgrimage to the Holy Land  Show More

Malam Salaw 1 (praise poem)

Malam Salaw 1 (praise poem)

Date: 1919
Format: Text/pdf
This praise poem is one of several composed by al-ḥājj 'Umar Krachi (al-ḥājj 'Umar ibn Abī Bakr) in honor of Malam Ṣalaw (Ḥussain al-Kashnāwī). Malam Ṣalaw was a prominent Hausa scholar who assumed positions of influence in Kumase during the British colonial era. Malam Ṣalaw was born in Yendi (in today's northeastern Ghana); his father originally   Show More

Malam Ṣalaw 2 (praise poem)

Malam Ṣalaw 2 (praise poem)

Date: 1923
Format: Text/pdf
This praise poem is one of several composed by al-ḥājj 'Umar Krachi (al-ḥājj 'Umar ibn Abī Bakr) in honor of Malam Ṣalaw (Ḥussain al-Kashnāwī). Malam Ṣalaw was a prominent Hausa scholar who assumed positions of influence in Kumase during the British colonial era. Malam Ṣalaw was born in Yendi (in today's northeastern Ghana); his father originally   Show More

Malam Ṣalaw 3 (praise poem)

Malam Ṣalaw 3 (praise poem)

Date: 1928
Format: Text/pdf
This praise poem is one of several composed by al-ḥājj 'Umar Krachi (al-ḥājj 'Umar ibn Abī Bakr), in honor of Malam Ṣalaw (Ḥussain al-Kashnāwī). Malam Ṣalaw was a prominent Hausa scholar who assumed positions of influence in Kumase during the British colonial era. Malam Ṣalaw was born in Yendi (in today's northeastern Ghana); his father originally  Show More

Mosque of Salaga

Mosque of Salaga

Date: 1892
Format: Image/jpeg
Engraving of the Mosque of Salaga in the late 19th century created for Louis Gustave Binger's book Du Niger au Golfe du Guinée par le pays de Kong et le Mossi.

Muslim Revival (historical poem)

Muslim Revival (historical poem)

Date: 1905
Format: Text/jpeg
This historical poem is composed by al-ḥājj 'Umar Krachi (al-ḥājj 'Umar ibn Abī Bakr) to describe and comment on a Muslim revival movement in northern Ghana in 1904-05. The Muslim revival had its origins outside of Ghana, and visiting Muslims arrived to stress the need for Muslim reform. The movement may have referenced the coming of the Mahdi, a religious   Show More

Muḥammad b. 'Uthmān (elegiac poem)

Muḥammad b. 'Uthmān (elegiac poem)

Date: 1895
Format: Text/jpeg
This elegiac poem is composed by al-ḥājj 'Umar Krachi (al-ḥājj 'Umar ibn Abī Bakr) on the death of Muḥammad b. 'Uthmān. Muḥammad b. 'Uthmān was a leading Muslim scholar of the Mande-speaking Wangara diaspora. Al-ḥājj 'Umar Krachi was connected to him through a close relationship with his son, Ṣāliḥ b. Muḥammad, a leading Sufi scholar in West   Show More

Peaceful Coexistence (didactic poem)

Peaceful Coexistence (didactic poem)

Date: 1932
Format: Text/pdf
This didactical poem was composed by al-ḥājj 'Umar Krachi (al-ḥājj 'Umar ibn Abī Bakr) to counsel for peaceful coexistence among Muslims in West Africa. It was written to Abī Bakr, whom John Hunwick argues was al-ḥājj 'Umar's son (Arabic Literature of Africa, Volume 4: Writings of Western Sudanic Africa, compiled by John O. Hunwick with the assistance of Ou  Show More

Salaga Market

Salaga Market

Date: 1892
Format: Image/jpeg
Engraving of the Market of Salaga in the late 19th century created for Louis Gustave Binger's book Du Niger au Golfe du Guinée par le pays de Kong et le Mossi.

Salaga in 1892

Salaga in 1892

Date: 1892
Format: Image/jpeg
An engraving of Salaga in the late 19th century for Louis Gustave Binger's book Du Niger au Golfe du Guinée par le pays de Kong et le Mossi

Tunkuyau Epidemic (historical poem)

Tunkuyau Epidemic (historical poem)

Date: 1921
Format: Text/pdf
This historical poem is composed by al-ḥājj ‘Umar Krachi (al-ḥājj ‘Umar ibn Abī Bakr) to describe and comment on an epidemic of an illness referenced as tunkuyau that afflicted the town of Krachi during the early twentieth century. The poem is available in Arabic and with an English translation. This poem is one of the most studied works in al-ḥājj 'U  Show More

Volta Basin

Volta Basin

Format: Image/jpeg
The deep green color on this map illustrates the location of the Volta Basin

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