Failed Islamic States in Senegambia

David Robinson

Typical Portrayal of the Spread of Islam in Africa

Typical Portrayal of the Spread of Islam in Africa
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This is an effort, found in a number of works, to suggest the patterns and paths of the spread of Islam into Africa and especially Sub-Saharan Africa. It comes from an atlas published in 1978 by a highly respected historian and a highly respected cartographer of Africa. This map contains the following captions, "7. The Penetration of Islam" "Spain" "Tarik 711-14" "Gibraltar" "Maghrib" "Uqba" "Carthage (698)" "Kairwan (670)" "Iahuda (683)" "Uqba" "Tripoli (647)" "Barca" "Barca 647" "Alexandria (642)" "Palestine (634)" "Baghdad" "Amr Ibn Al As" "Babylon (Cairo) (641)" "Persian Gulf" "Egypt (640-42)" "Medina (Muhammad died 632)" "Mecca" "Raiding" "Nubia" "Turks" "Dongola" "Dahlak" "Yemen 633" "Zeila" "Ethiopia Christian Kingdom from c. VI C." "L. Tana" "Gran" "Abyssianian Highlands" "E. African Coast" "Onwards" "Lake Victoria" "Egyptians" "Sudan" "Darfur" "Wadai" "Sahara" "Ibn Yasin" "Almoravids" "Nubia-Christian Kingdoms VI-XIII Cs, Arab conquest XIII-XIV Cs" "L. Chad" "Kanem" "Bornu" "Hausaland" "R. Benue" "R. Niger" "Mandingoes" "Songhai" "Gao" "Timbuctu" "Walata" "Ghana (1076)" "R. Senegal" "Almoravids" "Berbers" "Mali" "R. Volia" "R. Congo" "Land over 1000m (3300ft)"

Courtesy of David Robinson ()
Typical Portrayal of the Spread of Islam in Africa
Typical Portrayal of the Spread of Islam in Africa
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Courtesy of David Robinson

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Introduction
Creator: Robinson, David
Description: This is an effort, found in a number of works, to suggest the patterns and paths of the spread of Islam into Africa and especially Sub-Saharan Africa. It comes from an atlas published in 1978 by a highly respected historian and a highly respected cartographer of Africa. This map contains the following captions, "7. The Penetration of Islam" "Spain" "Tarik 711-14" "Gibraltar" "Maghrib" "Uqba" "Carthage (698)" "Kairwan (670)" "Iahuda (683)" "Uqba" "Tripoli (647)" "Barca" "Barca 647" "Alexandria (642)" "Palestine (634)" "Baghdad" "Amr Ibn Al As" "Babylon (Cairo) (641)" "Persian Gulf" "Egypt (640-42)" "Medina (Muhammad died 632)" "Mecca" "Raiding" "Nubia" "Turks" "Dongola" "Dahlak" "Yemen 633" "Zeila" "Ethiopia Christian Kingdom from c. VI C." "L. Tana" "Gran" "Abyssianian Highlands" "E. African Coast" "Onwards" "Lake Victoria" "Egyptians" "Sudan" "Darfur" "Wadai" "Sahara" "Ibn Yasin" "Almoravids" "Nubia-Christian Kingdoms VI-XIII Cs, Arab conquest XIII-XIV Cs" "L. Chad" "Kanem" "Bornu" "Hausaland" "R. Benue" "R. Niger" "Mandingoes" "Songhai" "Gao" "Timbuctu" "Walata" "Ghana (1076)" "R. Senegal" "Almoravids" "Berbers" "Mali" "R. Volia" "R. Congo" "Land over 1000m (3300ft)"
Date: 1978
Date Range: 1970-1979
Location: Senegal
Format: Image/jpeg
Rights Management: For educational use only.
Contributing Institution: David Robinson; MATRIX: The Center for Humane Arts, Letters, and Social Sciences Online at Michigan State University
Digitizer: MATRIX
Source: David Robinson, Muslim Societies in African History, Cambridge, 2004, p. 29.  Adapted from John D. Fage and Maureen Verity, An Atlas of African History, New York, 1978.

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