Failed Islamic States in Senegambia

David Robinson

J.B.L Durand Image Gallery

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Representative types of Senegal society
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An engraving found in the voyage of the French traveler Durand who visited Senegal at the beginning of the 19th century. This engraving contains the following caption, "1..Négresse esclave. 2..Signare de l'Isle St. Louis. 3..Marabou ou Prêtre du Pays. 4..Négre armé en guerre. 5..Négresse esclave portant son enfant."

Courtesy of David Robinson (1802)
Gum Harvesting in the Senegal Valley
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A selection from the French traveler J.B.L. Durand at the beginning of the 19th century. Here we see two slaves, working for Moorish masters, doing the very hard work of picking the gum from the acacia trees that were found in the Senegal River valley. This engraving contains the following caption, "Les Maures occupés à ramasser la Gomme dans une Forêt de Gommiers."

(1802)
Slave Raiding
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Another engraving from the French traveler Durand at the beginning of the 19th century. Moors and other slave-raiders used violent means - including the horses, swords and arson showed here - to secure a slave labor force to do things like harvesting the gum of the last image. This engraving contains the following caption, "Les Maures poursuivant les Nègres pour les faires Esclaves."

(1802)
Warfare
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Another engraving from the French traveler Durand at the beginning of the 19th century. Here we see an army - cavalry and infantry - preparing to go to battle in the Senegal River valley.

(1802)

Related Objects

Representative types of Senegal society
Representative types of Senegal society (1802)
Courtesy of David Robinson

Gum Harvesting in the Senegal Valley
Gum Harvesting in the Senegal Valley (1802)

Slave Raiding
Slave Raiding (1802)

Warfare
Warfare (1802)

Le Monde Illustre Images (1875)


Related Essay
Introduction
Creator: Durand, J.B.L
Description: This is a series of images drawn from the pages of J.B.L Durand's 1802 book, Un Voyage au Senegal. The image 'Representative types of Senegal Society' contains the following caption, "1..Négresse esclave. 2..Signare de l'Isle St. Louis. 3..Marabou ou Prêtre du Pays. 4..Négre armé en guerre. 5..Négresse esclave portant son enfant." The image 'Gum Harvesting in the Senegal Valley' contains the following caption, "Les Maures occupés à ramasser la Gomme dans une Forêt de Gommiers." The image 'Slave Raiding' contains the following caption, "Les Maures poursuivant les Nègres pour les faires Esclaves." The image 'Portrayal of Battle of Samba Sadio' contains the following caption, "Colonies Françaises - Le Sénégal. - Combat de Boumdou. - Le marabout Amadou Sekou est battu par la colonne expéditionnaire commandée par le lieutenant-colonel Bégin." The image 'Memorial for Victims of Samba Sadio' contains the following caption, "Religious Service in St. Louis for the Victims of the Battle against Anadu Madiyu, 1875".
Date: 1802
Date Range: 1800-1809
Location: Senegal
Format: Image/jpeg
Rights Management: For educational use only.
Contributing Institution: David Robinson; MATRIX: The Center for Humane Arts, Letters, and Social Sciences Online at Michigan State University
Digitizer: MATRIX
Source: J.B.L. Durand, UnVoyage au Senegal, 2 volumes, Paris 1802.

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